With a natural aversion to society, he loved retirement, solitude, and meditation.
He traveled extensively in Algeria , Italy, England, Brittany , Sicily , Auvergne , and from each voyage brought back a new volume. He cruised on his private yacht Bel-Ami , named after his novel. This life did not prevent him from making friends among the literary celebrities of his day: Alexandre Dumas, fils had a paternal affection for him; at Aix-les-Bains he met Hippolyte Taine and became devoted to the philosopher-historian. Flaubert continued to act as his literary godfather.
His friendship with the Goncourts was of short duration; his frank and practical nature reacted against the ambiance of gossip, scandal, duplicity, and invidious criticism that the two brothers had created around them in the guise of an 18th-century style salon.
Maupassant was one of a fair number of 19th-century Parisians including Charles Gounod , Alexandre Dumas, fils , and Charles Garnier who did not care for the Eiffel Tower. Maupassant also wrote under several pseudonyms such as Joseph Prunier, Guy de Valmont, and Maufrigneuse which he used from to In his later years he developed a constant desire for solitude, an obsession for self-preservation, and a fear of death and paranoia of persecution caused by the syphilis he had contracted in his youth. Maupassant penned his own epitaph : "I have coveted everything and taken pleasure in nothing.
Maupassant is considered a father of the modern short story. He delighted in clever plotting, and served as a model for Somerset Maugham and O. Henry in this respect. The supernatural in Maupassant, however, is often implicitly a symptom of the protagonists' troubled minds; Maupassant was fascinated by the burgeoning discipline of psychiatry , and attended the public lectures of Jean-Martin Charcot between and His stories are second only to Shakespeare in their inspiration of movie adaptations with films ranging from Stagecoach , Citizen Kane , Oyuki the Virgin and Masculine Feminine.
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Friedrich Nietzsche 's autobiography mentions him in the following text:. Gene Roddenberry , in an early draft for The Questor Tapes , wrote a scene in which the android Questor employs Maupassant's theory that, "the human female will open her mind to a man to whom she has opened other channels of communications.
Due to complaints from NBC executives, this part of the script was never filmed. Michel Drach directed and co-wrote a French biographical film : Guy de Maupassant. Claude Brasseur stars as the titular character. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This person's surname is Maupassant , not de Maupassant. See also: Guy de Maupassant bibliography.
This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 21 August Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.
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Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. Real Academia Galega. Academia de la Llingua Asturiana. Conseil de la langue estonienne. Kotimaisten kielten keskus.
Institut des langues de Finlande. Institut de la langue islandaise. Accademia della Crusca. Department of Official Language. Bord na Gaeilge. Agence de la langue officielle. Commission nationale de la langue lituanienne. Conseil national de la langue maltaise. Academia Mexicana de la Lengua. Yoruba Academy. Commission de la langue maorie. Conseil de la langue polonaise. British Council.
Bwrdd yr Iaith Gymraeg. Bureau de la langue galloise. Institut de la langue russe. Institut de la langue turque. Conseil de la politique linguistique. Groupe de langues. Langues slaves. Langues scandinaves. Langues africaines. Autres langues. Pourcentage sur 10 mots. Langues d'Asie. Langues africaines wolof, swahili, etc. Prononciation latine. Prononciation moderne 4. Mot latin. En espagnol. En italien. Having entered as an usher at twenty into the first institution that presented itself so that he could proceed to take first his degree of Master of Arts and afterward the degree of Doctor of Laws, he found himself so enmeshed in this routine that he remained an usher all his life.
But his love for Latin did not leave him and harassed him like an unhealthy passion. He continued to read the poets, the prose writers, the historians, to interpret them and penetrate their meaning, to comment on them with a perseverance bordering on madness.
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One day, the idea came into his head to oblige all the students in his class to answer him in Latin only; and he persisted in this resolution until at last they were capable of sustaining an entire conversation with him just as they would in their mother tongue. He listened to them, as a leader of an orchestra listens to his musicians rehearsing, and striking his desk every moment with his ruler, he exclaimed:.
You must understand the genius of a language. Look here, listen to me. Now, it came to pass that the pupils of the Institution Robineau carried off, at the end of the year, all the prizes for composition, translation, and Latin conversation. Next year, the principal, a little man, as cunning as an ape, whom he resembled in his grinning and grotesque appearance, had had printed on his programmes, on his advertisements, and painted on the door of his institution:. For ten years the Institution Robineau triumphed in the same fashion.
I was then eighteen, and was in the philosophy class. These private lessons were given in a little room looking out on the street. It so happened that Pere Piquedent, instead of talking Latin to me, as he did when teaching publicly in the institution, kept telling me his troubles in French. Without relations, without friends, the poor man conceived an attachment to me, and poured out his misery to me. The other ushers disgusted him. He knew nobody in the town, since he had no time to devote to making acquaintances. The dream of my life is to have a room with my own furniture, my own books, little things that belong to myself and which others may not touch.
And I have nothing of my own, nothing except my trousers and my frock-coat, nothing, not even my mattress and my pillow! I have not four walls to shut myself up in, except when I come to give a lesson in this room. Do you see what this means — a man forced to spend his life without ever having the right, without ever finding the time, to shut himself up all alone, no matter where, to think, to reflect, to work, to dream?
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And I have to sleep in the bed at the end of two rows of beds occupied by these youngsters whom I must look after. I can never be alone, never! If I go out I find the streets full of people, and, when I am tired of walking, I go into some cafe crowded with smokers and billiard players. I tell you what, it is the life of a galley slave. I am not a shoemaker, or a joiner, or a hatter, or a baker, or a hairdresser. I only know Latin, and I have no diploma which would enable me to sell my knowledge at a high price.
The Diamond Necklace and other stories by Guy de Maupassant - review
If I were a doctor I would sell for a hundred francs what I now sell for a hundred sous; and I would supply it probably of an inferior quality, for my title would be enough to sustain my reputation. One day, I grew bolder, and offered him a cigarette. He stared at me in astonishment at first, then he gave a glance toward the door. And we went and leaned our elbows on the windowsill looking on the street, holding concealed in our hands the little rolls of tobacco.
Just opposite to us was a laundry. Four women in loose white waists were passing hot, heavy irons over the linen spread out before them, from which a warm steam arose. Suddenly, another, a fifth, carrying on her arm a large basket which made her stoop, came out to take the customers their shirts, their handkerchiefs, and their sheets. She stopped on the threshold as if she were already fatigued; then, she raised her eyes, smiled as she saw us smoking, flung at us, with her left hand, which was free, the sly kiss characteristic of a free-and-easy working-woman, and went away at a slow place, dragging her feet as she went.